'Tis the season for heart troubles, doctors warn

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By: CBS News
December 21, 2016

The holidays are a time for celebrations with loved ones, but the abundance of the season — excess food, alcohol and stress — can bring on some serious health problems, in particular heart trouble, doctors warn.

“People are eating more, drinking more, they’re not exercising,” said Dr. Tara Narula, a cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York and a CBS News medical contributor.

Such behaviors are risky, especially for people with high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. Studies show heart attack-related deaths are five percent more likely around Christmas and New Year’s.

The American Heart Association reminds high blood pressure patients to be conscious of their health during the holiday season.

Ilan Arboleda is one such patient who is trying to keep his blood pressure under control.

“I’ve taken the medication, but exercise and diet hasn’t been great. So it’s my responsibility to get that going,” he told CBS News.

Experts warn that cold weather can also be hard on the heart, causing the blood vessels to constrict, which could make someone more prone to heart attack or stroke.

People with high blood pressure should also remember that decongestants can raise blood pressure, so it’s important to be careful with over-the-counter medicines.

And while people who have risk factors for heart disease are at the highest risk, Narula says everyone can benefit from moderation.

“Certainly anyone could be at risk if they’re consuming a lot of alcohol, or eating a ton of salt, or under a lot of stress,” she said.

Arboleda said he is keeping all of these things in mind this holiday season.

“Portion control is a major thing for me and making sure I keep moving, that I don’t just sit on the couch and watch football, maybe actually go play football, or go for a run or a walk,” he said.

Finally, experts warn not to ignore the signs of a heart attack, which can include shortness of breath, dizziness, or pain in your chest, arm or neck, and seek medical attention immediately.

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