The law is sponsored by several members of the state's Black Legislative Caucus.
It creates a council on the social status of black men and boys to look into disparities in education, health care, income, crime and arrest rates.
Supporters say the state needs to get a handle on the crisis for the good of all its citizens.
"It’s very important that all of us begin to realize that we have a stake in this," says Rep. Curtis Richardson (D), Tallahassee. "And that we need to start looking for some real, tangible solutions."
The new council is required to come back with a report and recommendations by December 2007.